Council member from 9th November 1999 to 15th December 2003
Patrick Barwise is currently Emeritus Professor of Management and Marketing at London Business School. Having begun his career at IBM, Professor Barwise went on to publish widely on marketing, media and management. He is a recipient of the American Marketing Association’s Berry-AMA Prize, which he won in 2005 for his book Simply Better, co-authored with Seán Meehan (IMD Lausanne). Professor Barwise has acted as an experienced expert witness for international commercial, tax, and competition cases. He has also been involved in two successful start-up businesses – Research Now, which provides online market research (which was sole to e-Rewards in 2009), and online brand community specialist Verve.
Professor Barwise is currently Chairman of the consumer organisation, Which?, a visiting fellow at the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, Oxford University, and works as a consultant and applied researcher.
Council Member from 9th November 1999 to 28th February 2003
Dame Sandra Dawson blazed a trail for women in management studies, serving as the first female Master of Sidney Sussex college, Cambridge, the first director of the Cambridge Judge Business School, and the 53rd inductee of the International Women’s Forum Global Hall of Fame.
While at Imperial College, London, Professor Dawson served as Deputy Director of the Management School (1987-1994) at Imperial College, University of London, as well as Professor of Organisational Behaviour within the National Health Service (1990-1995).
However, it was following her move to Cambridge that Professor Dawson made her biggest contribution to a management institution. Dame Dawson played a pivotal role in the development of the Judge Institute of Management Studies – now the Cambridge Judge Business School – serving as one of its first Directors. While at Cambridge, she also became the first female Master of Sidney Sussex College, and served as Deputy Vice Chancellor of the University. It was while at Cambridge that she was awarded Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in 2004, recognising her work in higher education and management research.
Dame Dawson’s expertise has also been recognised by the government. Following her membership of the boards of directors at both Barclays and Chase banks, the Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling appointed her as a non-executive director at the United Kingdom’s Financial Services Authority in 2010. She has also been a member of the UK-India Round Table since 2006. She was also part of the 2003 DTI Task Force that produced the Accounting For People report. Dame Dawson was also a member of the Prime Minister’s Council on Science and Technology.
Dame Dawson’s varied interests in knowledge sharing, and health management and health policy, amongst others, are reflected in her varied non-executive roles. Outside of her trusteeships at companies such as Oxfam, Rand Europe and JPMorgan Fleming Claverhouse Investment Trust, she was also part of the King’s Fund, Policy Group on the Future, Structure and Funding of Health Services in the UK (2000-2003). She has also served as board member of Quality & Safety in Health Care, Clinician in Management, International Journal of Human Resource Management and Public Management.
She has also supported research through service on committees for EQUIS, the EFMD, HEFCE and the ESRC. Dame Dawson was also Chair of the Executive Steering Committee, ESRC Advanced Institute of Management (2007-2012). Dame Dawson has also contributed towards management research overseas. She has served on the Committee of Advisors for the Entrepreneurship and Public Policy Project at The Diebold Institute (1999), and she is also Chair of the Executive Committee of the Social Science Research Council in the USA, having served as a member since 2009.
Dame Dawson is currently Emeritus KPMG Professor of Management Studies, Fellow of Sidney Sussex College and of Cambridge Judge Business School. She is a Companion of the Association of Business Schools.
Council member from 12th December 1963 to 21st July 1966
Sir Hugh Beaver was a key figure in the rebuilding of Post-War Britain, and was also involved in the creation of both the Clean Air Act 1956 and, most famously, the Guinness Book of Records.
After two years in the Punjab Police Force, Hugh Beaver pursued a career in engineering and civil works. As a member and later partner in Alexander Gibb and Partners, he supervised the rebuilding of the Port of St John in New Brunswick. He was later appointed Director General and Controller General of the Ministry of Works (1940-45), before becoming managing director of Arthur Guinness Son and Co Ltd, where he stayed until his retirement in 1960.
Sir Beaver remained heavily involved in the post-war rebuilding of the Commonwealth throughout his life. He was a co-opted member of Lord Reith’s Committee on New Towns (1946-7), a member of the Building Industry Working Party (1948–50), and later Director of the Colonial Development Corporation (1951–60) and Chairman of the Committee on Power Station Construction (1952–3).
He was also a passionate supporter of the promotion of Science. Sir Beaver was Chairman of the Advisory Council on Scientific and Industrial Research (1954–6), Chair of the Industrial Fund for the Advancement of Scientific Education in Schools (1958–63), and served as President of the Royal Statistical Society (1959–60).
Sir Hugh Beaver was a key figure in the creation of the Clean Air Act. Following the deaths of more than 2000 people in London in December 1952 due to smog, Sir Beaver chaired a parliamentary commission to look into ways of addressing the air quality in British cities. He gave his name to the Beaver Report, which went on to form the basis of the Clean Air Act 1956.
Despite his many civic works, Sir Hugh Beaver is best known as the originator of the Guinness Book of World Records. The book was created after Sir Beaver missed when firing at a flock of Golden Plover in 1954. He became curious as to whether this was Britain’s fastest game bird, yet found no easy way to check. Sir Beaver approached identical twins Ross and Norris McWhirter, sports journalists and collectors of unusual facts and figures, and commissioned them to produce the first book, which was subsequently published in 1955. The Guinness Book of Records was originally created as a marketing giveaway for the firm, yet to date remains the world’s biggest selling copyright book.
Sir Hugh Beaver was knighted in 1943, and awarded a KBE in 1956. He died in 1967.
Lord Francis Arthur Cockfield distinguished himself in four separate fields during his lifetime, most notably as Vice President of the European Commission, and as a key figure in the creation of the Single European Market.
Arthur Cockfield’s first career began in Whitehall, where he rose rapidly through the ranks to become Commissioner at the age of 35. During his time at Whitehall he was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple. Anticipating a slow career progression to follow, he then moved into industry, first becoming Finance Director, and later Managing Director of Boots. While there, he also served two years on the National Economic Development Council, as well as on the council of the CBI.
It was at Boots that Arthur Cockfield cultivated the contacts in the Conservative Party that led to his appointment as Advisor on Taxation Policy to the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the early 1970s – and the commencement of his third career, in national politics. Under Ted Heath, he was appointed chairman of the Prices Commission, which he continued to serve as until the Conservatives returned to power. He was knighted Lord Cockfield of Dover in 1978.
Lord Cockfield’s political career continued under Margaret Thatcher, becoming Minister of State at the Treasury until 1982, then Secretary of State for Trade and President of the Board of Trade until 1983. Following the 1983 General Election, Lord Cockfield remained in the cabinet as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster with no departmental responsibilities, but effectively serving as advisor to the Prime Minister.
Lord Cockfield resigned from the cabinet in 1984 to take up a new position at the European Commission, as commissioner for Internal Market, Tax Law and Customs, under Jacques Delors. While it was expected he would follow Margaret Thatcher’s Euro-sceptic line, Lord Cockfield instead became heavily involved in the movement towards European Union. Here, he flourished, producing the white paper that formed the basis of The Single European Act of 1985. He then served as Vice President of the European Commission from 1985 until 1989.
After leaving the Commission, Lord Cockfield became a consultant for accountants Peat, Marwick, McLintock, acting as their advisor on European Affairs. He also continued his involvement in public affairs as Patron of the Federal Trust, as well as in the House of Lords, where in later years he was an advocate of an 80 per cent elected chamber.
Lord Cockfield was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold II in1990. He died in 2007, aged 90.
Arthur Frederick Earle was the first Principal of London Business School. One of the few leading businessmen with a PhD, he was Deputy Chairman of Hoover at the time of his appointment in 1965.
Geoff Easton is Emeritus Professor of Marketing at Lancaster University. While working for British Coal, Xerox and a packaging firm, he became interested in the relationships between firms and market customers, as well as the “patterns of organisational buying” that would form the basis of his PhD at London Business School. As a result of his continued research into this area, he became involved in the International Marketing and Purchasing group, which today runs the IMP conference. Professor Easton’s work is primarily concerned the management of organisational markets in particular, including the dynamics of these systems, the relationship between structure and process, and between competition and co-operation. His work into case study methodology is also celebrated, particularly his book for novice analysts Learning from Case Studies (1992). He is a 2004 recipient of an AIM International Study Fellowship.
For a biography, please see our profiles of current JMS Editors
Sir Noel Frederick Hall was the co-founder of the Administrative Staff College, now Henley Business School, Principal of Brasenose College and the first Director of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
Noel Hall had originally studied History and later Anthropology at the University of Oxford. He did not begin his career in economics until he received a Commonwealth Fund fellowship to study the subject at Princeton, where he graduated with a Masters degree in 1926. From there he taught at University College London, and became Professor of Political Economy from 1935 to 1938. In 1938 Noel Hall became the first director of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research – now the longest established independent research council in Britain.
During World War II, his expertise was brought to bear in Government, and Professor Hall served at the Ministry of Economic War. He then returned to the US, first as head of the War Trade department at the British Embassy in Washington, then after the war, studying interest rates at Princeton’s Institute for Advanced Study.
In 1945, Professor Hall returned to Britain as the first Principal of the Administrative Staff College (now Henley Business School), designing the college’s first curriculum. It was during his time in Henley that he was knighted in 1957.
Sir Hall would finally return to Brasenose in 1960 as Principal, where he gained popularity as “a glorious name-dropper”. He welcomed The Beatles when they visited in 1964, and allegedly consented to token university membership to Jeffrey Archer.
The business of the college was not his only interest, however. He was chairman of the first academic planning board at Lancaster University. As a member of Oxford Regional Hospital Board, Sir Hall led a working party to reorganise hospital pharmaceutical services. It was in this latter role that he made a revolutionary contribution to public health. Their recommendations for expanded roles and responsibilities for hospital pharmacists were regarded as pivotal, and the working party’s use of statistics and research-based evidence would serve as a model for expert committees in years to come.
Sir Hall retired as Principal of Brasenose College in 1973. He passed away in 1983.
Francis de Paula Hanika was a vibrant and passionate academic, who had no less than four careers in a life that encompassed working in industry in Austria and Glasgow, the founding of the Royal Technical College of Glasgow’s Management School, as well as recognition as one of management science’s leading thinkers for his work on the role of cybernetics and systems analysis in management.
Paul Hanika originally worked in the lumber industry, working his way up from the shop floor, until he formed his own company Continental Hardwoods Ltd in 1931. In 1939, the company folded, and from there he went to Sheffield to complete a degree in metallurgy before becoming production manager of Aetna Steelworks.
His move to academia began in 1950, when he was appointed as part of the founding team of the Royal Technical College of Glasgow’s management school. He would remain there for 11 years, becoming Warden of the Residential Centre for Management Studies. Then, in 1961, he accepted another founding position – this time at the University of Cambridge’s newly founded Churchill College – to develop postgraduate studies there. There, Hanika was also awarded a Master of Arts degree. It was a mere three years later that he would move again, this time to the Sudan, in order to help establish the Department of Management Science at the University of Khartoum. He would finally retire as Chair in 1971.
Professor Hanika moved back to Austria the same year; here, he would embark on his final career. Meeting with the newly formed Austrian Society for Cybernetic Studies, Professor Hanika immediately set about completing the organisation of the first European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research in 1972, gathering 150 participants from more than 20 countries across the world. Organising the conference from this point onwards, Professor Hanika would also go on to establish the International Cybernetics Newsletter, which would become part of Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal. He also founded the newsletter of the International Federation for Systems Research upon its move to Austria in 1980.
In 1972, Professor Hanika published his seminal work on management cybernetics, New Thinking in Management, which was translated into seven languages. It was for this groundbreaking work that Hanika was decorated with the Cross of Honour for Science and Arts, First Class, by the Austrian Federal President in 1980. In 1981 the City University of London awarded him with the Degree of Doctor of Science Honoris Causa for his scientific contributions.
He passed away on the 2nd January 1985 in Austria, aged 84.
John Hassard is currently Professor of Organizational Analysis at Manchester Business School, but began his career as an equities dealer on the Northern stock exchange. Previously a visiting Fellow in Management Learning at the Judge Business School in Cambridge, he was Head of the School of Management at Keele University. Professor Hassard’s research covers critical and philosophical approaches to organisational analysis, as well as organisational development in manufacturing firms. His work has been funded by organisations as diverse as the Economic and Social Research Council, the Department of Health and the United Nations, reflecting the international dimension of his work, which encompasses research in China, Japan and the USA, as well as the UK. He holds an honorary doctorate from the University of Oulu, Finland
Chris Hendry is an Emeritus Professor in Organizational Behaviour at Cass Business School. During his tenure there, he served as Director of the Centre for New Technologies, Innovation and Entrepreneurship (CENTIVE), Centenary Professor of Organizational Behaviour, an AIM Innovation Fellow, and Associate Dean (Research) from 2001 to 2007. His research has encompassed HRM, entrepreneurship and innovation management across a range of technologies, from fuel cells and sustainable technologies to telecommunications and biotechnology. He previously led the ESRC project on ‘The Development and Diffusion of Fuel Cell Technology as a Disruptive Innovation’, analysing the use of this technology in the UK, Germany, North America and Japan.
Prior to his tenure at Cass Business School, Chris Hendry served as Principal Research Fellow and Associate Director in the Centre for Corporate Strategy and Change at Warwick University. He retired from academia in 2010
Chris Holland is currently Professor of Information Systems at Manchester Business School. Widely published, with an interest in competition and strategy in electronic markets, and financial services, Professor Holland has been involved in research and consultancy projects in the areas of strategic implementation of systems and the evaluation of large-scale IT projects both in Europe and the US. Professor Holland has lectured at the universities of Oxford, Claremont, Bath, Warwick, Salford, St Gallen, Munster, Tilburg and Lancaster. He is currently working on an EPSRC-funded project on flexible business integration using novel technologies and business process modelling techniques.
Former Dean of Oxford’s Saïd Business School and principal founder of the European Accounting Association, Anthony Hopwood was a pivotal figure in introducing an external perspective to the field, and was the pioneer of the interdisciplinary approach of Behavioural Accounting research.
Professor Hopwood had an early interest in interdisciplinary studies; a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Chicago he would drop Finance for Behavioural Science, and eschew laboratory experiments for a steel company, applying sociology and social psychological principals to budget setting to examine it as a complex behavioural phenomenon; this would kickstart the field of Behavioural Accounting.
He would find a home at the similarly sociologically-minded Manchester Business School in 1970. After a short spell at the Administrative Staff College in Henley, he moved to the Oxford Centre for Management Studies, where he would put together another interdisciplinary team for his continued research into institutional analysis through accounting. He would then move to London in 1978; first to London Business School, then, in 1985, to the London School of Economics and Political Science, as Ernst and Young Professor of International Accounting and Financial Management. In 1995, Professor Hopwood moved back to Oxford, becoming Dean of the Saïd Business School in 1999.
Professor Hopwood’s achievements were not just restricted to the institutions where he taught. His new field of study required a new journal and, while working as editor for the Behavioural Accounting Newsletter in the 1970s, he first came up with the idea for Accounting, Organizations and Society.
Professor Hopwood was not only in favour of expanding the academic scope of accounting studies, but also the interaction between accounting scholars. In 1977 he was the principal founder of the European Accounting Association, at a time when there was little interaction between accounting scholars in different countries. He would remain President until 1983, and the award for Academic Leadership run by the society still bears his name.
This is not the only award Professor Hopwood was associated with. He received the British Accounting Association’s Distinguished Academic Award in 1998, and in 2001 and 2008, he received Lifetime Achievement Awards from the American Accounting Association. He is a recipient of the European Accounting Association’s Leadership Award (2005), and was Presidential Scholar of the American Accounting Association. In 2008, he was elected to the US’s Accounting Hall of Fame, and received the American Accounting Association’s 2008 Notable Contribution to the Management Accounting Literature Award. Professor Hopwood also held five honorary doctorates from Denmark, Finland, Italy and Sweden, as well as from the United Kingdom.
Professor Hopwood passed away in 2010.
Norman Hunt, CBE, was a significant proponent of the interaction between academia and industry in the field of management studies. He not only served as Vice-Principal of Edinburgh University, but also on the forerunner of the Economic and Social Research Council, on the Holyroyd Committee, and the Executive Committee of the Scottish Council (Development and Industry), amongst his many public works.
Norman Hunt initially worked on the Great Western Railway before joining academia, and it may have been this experience that led to his interest in linking the worlds of academia and practise. It was with this in mind that, following his initial appointment to the department in 1946, and his appointment to Professor in 1953, he played a major role in the re-organisation the Department of the Organisation of Industry and Commerce into the Department of Business Studies in 1967. Professor Hunt’s contributions to the University of Edinburgh stretched beyond his department. He was appointed Dean of the Faculty of Social Science in 1962, and then served as Vice Principal of the University from 1980-4.
Professor Hunt made further contributions to academia, serving on the forerunner to the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). Overseas, he served on the management and industrial relations committee of the Social Sciences Research Council (1968-74). He was also a member of the social sciences committee of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (1968-74).
However, his interest was not only in bringing industry into academia, but in bringing academic expertise into industry and public services. The Secretary of State for Scotland nominated him to serve on a number of committees, including the Executive Committee of the Scottish Council (Development and Industry), the Police Academy Board for Scotland, and the Council for Tertiary Education in Scotland. Professor Hunt was also a member of the Holyroyd Committee, investigating the workings of the fire service on behalf of the Home Office in 1970, and the National Economic Development Committee’s team investigating the rubber industry (1968-71).
Professor Hunt’s expertise across the worlds of industry and academia were acknowledged worldwide. A British Council lecture tour of India and Pakistan was followed by his appointment to the All-India Government Committee on Higher Education for Commerce in 1960. The British Council and the Minister of Overseas Development would subsequently invite him on missions to Africa, the Far East, New Zealand and Australia. Meanwhile, in the US, he was the Smith-Mendt visitor of 1954, reporting on American Business Schools, and served as visiting professor at Harvard, Buffalo and Berkeley.
Professor Hunt became a fellow of the Scottish Business Education Council in 1985, was conferred a DLitt from Loughborough University in 1975, and was awarded the CBE in the New Year Honours List of the same year. He passed away on 7th April 2003, aged 85.
Highly respected in the field of Strategic Management, Gerry Johnson is Emeritus Professor at Lancaster University School of Management, and a Senior Fellow of the Advanced Institute of Management Research. His research focus is in strategy development processes and change in organizations in particular. However, Professor Johnson is perhaps most famous as the co-author of Europe’s best-selling strategic management text, Exploring Strategy (Prentice Hall), which is in its 9th edition. Professor Johnson has taught at Manchester Business School, Aston University and Cranfield University, before moving to Strathclyde in 2000. Professor Johnson currently brings his expertise to bear as a partner in the consultancy firm Strategy Explorers.
An academic turned company head, Sir Arthur Knight had a reputation as an intellectual businessman, noted in his guidance as the chairman of Courtaulds through the turbulent post-war years in the textile industry, and also through his involvement in the founding of Manchester Business School.
Arthur Knight initially left school at 14 to take up a post as a clerk at J. Sainsbury, but with the help of the company obtained scholarship to the London School of Economics, graduating with a first class degree in commerce. After a year in the LSE’s department of business administration, he eschewed a career in the civil service to return to industry, joining Courtaulds as a junior economist shortly before the war.
Arthur Knight was drafted into army service, where he rose to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and assumed responsibility for finance in the Allied Commission for Austria. He then returned to Courtaulds, and in the 1950s was involved in the expansion of the business at home and overseas. He became finance director in 1961 and helped to fight off an aggressive takeover bid from partners ICI. In response to the decline of the Lancashire textile industry, he expanded the textile side of the business with takeovers, a programme of investment and the pioneering use of discounted cash flow. He would take over as chairman in 1970, rationalising the business and introducing participatory management not seen in companies of this era.
After departing Courtaulds, he became chairman of the National Enterprise Board, the body set up to handle Government intervention in industry. In November 1980, he left after just one year in the chair. His appointment had coincided with plans to reduce the board’s powers; and his appointment also followed the resignation of the entire board due to the Government’s decision to take over Rolls Royce. While Knight was vocal in his support for more independence on the board, a whispering campaign against him, as well as the disdain of the Prime Minister, led to his departure.
In retirement, he made a number of contributions to both public life and academia. He served on other Government committees and, having previously served on the CBI’s economic committee, assisted the Confederation of British Industry during the illness of Director-General Sir Terrence Beckett. He was also on the executive committee of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
Knight also made great contributions to British academia. He helped to found the Manchester Business School in 1965, and would remain on the council for seven years. Knight also solidified links between his alma mater, LSE, and the corporate world, not only founding the business history unit and serving as a governor on the institute’s board between 1971 and 1994, but he also launched a number of seminars at which business leaders gave papers to academics. He became an honorary fellow in 1984.
He died on 5th April 2003, aged 86.
For a biography, please see our profiles of former JMS Editors.
For a biography, please see our profiles of former JMS Editors.
For a biography, please see our profiles of former JMS Editors.
Arthur Ivor Marsh was a prolific author of work on industrial relations and trades union history. Alongside Sir Hugh Clegg and Lord McCarthy, he is amongst the scholars who established Industrial Relations as a discipline, and served on the Restaurant and Dressmaking Wages Councils, as well as ACAS. He is largely held responsible for bringing Socratic method to the trade unions.
A scholarship place to read Modern History at Hertford College was put on hold by his deployment to Iran and Iraq. On return, he first worked as a researcher, and then for the Extra-Mural Delegacy as a tutor, during which time he was involved with the WEA (Workers’ Educational Association). Arthur Marsh’s involvement in the industrial relations movement would grow deeper and he would serve as Labour Councillor in Oxford from 1957-60.
As Senior Research Fellow at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, he ran an Industrial Relations Research Unit and the annual Industrial Relations Conference. He also oversaw the Special Diploma course in Social and Administrative Studies at the college.
Marsh was a prolific author, with four published volumes on Historical Directory of Trades Unions, in addition to works on labour organisation trends. He also conducted a number of studies for the Donovan Commission in the 1960s, as well as the motor industry, and other areas. His Employee Relations: Bibliography and Abstracts won the 1985 Besterman Medal from the Library Association.
Arthur Marsh’s services to industrial relations were recognised by an OBE in 1984. Well into his seventies, he would remain in demand, establishing the industrial relations faculty in Prague in 1995. He passed away in 1999.
Henry John Marsh was not only well known for his work within Human Relations Management, but for his term as director of the British Institute of Management, during which he expanded the international dimension of the organisation.
Marsh’s career began in engineering at the Austin Motor Company, an education interrupted by the outbreak of war and his subsequent internment in Japan’s prisoner of war camps after the fall of Singapore.
On his return to the UK, Marsh’s career took a turn into human relations management, as he became Director of the Personnel Advisory Services Institute of Personnel Management, then Director of the Industrial Welfare Society in 1950. The highlight of his ten year stint there was organising the Duke of Edinburgh’s first Commonwealth conference on Human Relations in Industry in 1956.
In 1961, he was head-hunted for the position of Director of the British Institute of Management. During his tenure, the relationships between the Institute and fellow establishments overseas became strengthened. Marsh was also involved in the inauguration of a number of new institutes across the world, no doubt as a result of links forged during his period as Chairman of the Voluntary Service Overseas, as well as his work for Foreign and Commonwealth Office and for the Overseas Development Administration.
Marsh’s literary output reflects his strong concern for welfare in the workplace – Introduction to Human Relations at Work (1952), People at Work (1957), and Ethics in Business (1970) – while his later works saw a shift to the future and change management (Organisations of the Future, 1980, and Management of Change, 1989).
He passed away in 1992, aged 79.
For a biography, please see the profile of our Founder.
Peter Naude is Deputy Director of Academic Programmes and Professor of Marketing at Manchester Business School. He has previous taught at Cape Town’s Graduate School of Business and the University of Bath. Professor Naude’s research interests lie primarily in the area of business-to-business marketing, and he is a member of the international academic body Industrial Marketing and Purchasing Group.
Sir David Lancaster Nicolson is best known as the first chairman of British Airways, but also for his connections in later years to the European Movement, and his role in establishing the European Management School at the University of Surrey.
David Nicolson originally trained as an engineer at Imperial College, London. He became a Constructor Lieutenant in the Royal Corps of Naval Constructors during World War II, where he served with distinction during the invasion of Normandy, repairing damaged ships under fire, and was mentioned in dispatches.
After the war, he commenced his career in management, first working as Production Manager at mining equipment company Bucyrus-Erie then moving to industrial consultancy group Production-Engineering Ltd as manager in 1953. He later became a director of the firm, and chairman of associated company P-E Consulting Group. Then in 1965 Nicolson moved to BTR to take up position as deputy, then company chairman in 1969.
In the 1970s Nicolson began his most challenging private business role when he became the first chairman of British Airways. Following his recruitment by the Government, Nicolson oversaw the merger of British European Airways and British Overseas Airways through to the public launch of the newly-created company in 1974. In 1975 he was knighted, and in the same year left British Airways for a chairmanship at Rothmans International plc.
Sir Nicolson also pursued a brief career in politics in the eighties. From 1979 to 1984 he served as Conservative MEP for the London Central area and in 1985 became chairman of lobby group the European Movement, where he instituted the same delegation style of management that had proved so successful during his time at BTR.
In his later years, Sir Nicolson then moved into education, becoming Pro-Chancellor of the University of Surrey in 1987. During his time there, he helped to establish the European Management School, before retiring in 1992. However, he did not rest on his laurels during retirement, leading an appeal which funded the building of the Canadian War Memorial in Green Park in 1994.
Sir Nicolson served on a number of committees and councils, including the Institute of Directors council (1971 to 1976), the council of the Confederation of British Industry, and chaired the CBI’s Environment Committee in the late 1970s.
He passed away in 1996.
Professor Oliver is Professor of Management, and former Head of the Business School (2007 – 2012) at the University of Edinburgh. He held the role of SAMS Treasurer from 2015-2016.
Online Profile: www.business-school.ed.ac.uk/about/people/503/Nick/Oliver
John Purcell is a visiting Professor at the University of Bath, and adjunct professor at the Centre for Work, Organisation and Wellbeing at Griffith University. Officially retired from academia since 2010, Professor Purcell is also Deputy Chairman of the Central Arbitration Committee, and an ACAS Arbitrator. He was Editor at Human Resource Management Journal between 2000 and 2005. He is a former visiting professor at Industrial Relations Research Unit at Warwick Business School, and previously was appointed Head of Research at Bath. More recently, Professor Purcell delivered the Lowry Lecture at Warwick University (2012) and the Shirley Lerner Memorial Lecture at the Manchester Industrial Relations Society (2013). He is the co-author of Strategy and Human Resource Management with Peter Boxall (currently in its 3rd edition), and Consultation at Work: Regulation and Practice, written with Mark Hall.
Professor Robert Scapens began his career at Manchester Business School in 1970 and since then has served as Professor or Visiting Professor at the University of Groningen, the University of Birmingham, and University of Jyväskylä. He is currently Director of the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Accounting at the University of Manchester.
Professor Scapens’ research encompasses management accounting – specifically processes of change and resistance, performance measurement systems in global organisations, and the contributions of institutional economics and structuration theory. He has authored or co-authored 84 publications and edited a number of books.
Professor Scapens is currently Editor-in-chief of Management Accounting Research. He is also Vice-Chairman of the Research and Development Panel of the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants, a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, and a Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (Faculty of Finance and Management Executive Committee).
The sociologist Cyril Sofer is perhaps best known for his work resulting from the nine years he spent at the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations – specifically New Wars In Management (1958) and The Organisation from Within (1961). However, he achieved early success with his Social Survey in a Multi-Racial Township (1955). A Reader in Industrial Knowledge at Cambridge University during his time on the SAMS board, he was a fellow of Queen’s College, Director of Studies in Social Sciences, and President of the College Union. He had taught at Witwatersrand and Makerere College before moving to England to teach at Bedford College.
He passed away on 20th March, 1974.
Sir William Strath was chairman of British Aluminium, but also served on the Atomic Energy Board and played a major role in industrial relations with Whitehall, particularly in the 1940s and 50s. Documents released in 2002 also showed that, as author of the Strath Report, his recommendations were the basis of civil defense plans during the 1950s and 60s.
Strath began his civil service career in the Inland Revenue before moving to the Air Ministry in 1938 and then, during World War II, to the Ministry of Aircraft Production. Following the end of hostilities, he spent two years in the Ministry of Supplies, before joining the Economic Planning staff – specifically, the newly formed Investment Programmes Committee. He was also involved in drafting Labour’s plans for the economic survey. Strath would remain on staff until 1955, as part of the Treasury staff from 1948 and as a member of the Economic Planning Board from 1949.
It was during 1955 that he authored the Strath Report, as head of the Cabinet Office Central War Plans Secretariat. Declassified in 2002, the report examined the possible effects of a thermonuclear attack on Britain by Soviet Russia. The report’s findings would form the basis of civil defense planning well into the 1960s. Later that same year, he would join the Atomic Energy Commission, later taking on the duties of managing director.
William Strath was knighted in 1959, the same year that he returned to the civil service to serve as the permanent secretary of first the Ministry of Supply, then the Ministry of Aviation. However, this second stint in the civil service was short-lived, and in 1961, he became managing director of Tube Investments, then chairman of British Aluminium, in which Tube Investments had a controlling stake. Sir Strath’s time at British Aluminium was not entirely successful, as it included the development of an aluminium smelter at Invergordon, which would turn out to be a costly mistake for the company. He became deputy chairman at Tube Investments in 1968, retiring from executive duties.
He died on 8th May 1975.
Professor Sparrow is currently the Director of the Centre for Performance-led HR (a partnership between Lancaster University Management School and major corporations) and Professor of International Human Resource Management at Lancaster University. Professor Sparrow has previously held positions at Sheffield University and Warwick. At Manchester Business School he took up the Ford Chair from 2002-04 and was Director, Executive Education 2002-05. He has also been a guest lecturer and visiting professor at a number of institutions across the world, including Athens Laboratory of Business Administration (Greece), Copenhagen Business School, in Denmark, Rutgers University (US) Hong Kong University and IMD Lausanne (Switzerland).
Professor Sparrow is also well known as a consultant. His work on Brookfield Global Relocation Services reports on International Mobility in the Pharmaceutical and Finance services sectors was recognized with an Expatica HR Top 5 Industry Survey Award for excellence in HR surveys. Professor Sparrow is a former Editor of the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology (1998-2003), and a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. He has featured amongst Human Resources Magazine’s Top 15 Most Influential HR Thinkers between 2008 and 2012.
Professor Sullivan was a lecturer at Manchester University during his time serving on the council.
Pierre Tabatoni was a prominent figure in the development of Management Science, as well as the development of higher education in France. He was a co-founder of the Paris-Dauphine University and IAE-Aix, and held several prominent positions in French public education, including Rector of the Paris Academy and Chancellor of the Paris Universities.
Tabatoni held positions of great influence throughout his political career, serving variously as Cultural Advisor to the United States (1973-75), Chief of Staff (1976), Minister for Universities (1979), and eventually Rector of Paris and Chancellor of Universities in France.
However, it is in the field of education – and management in particular – that he made his greatest public contributions to his home country. In 1954 he spent a year at Harvard Business School on a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship, and it was here that Professor Tabatoni became interested in the potential of bringing American styles of analysis into French management institutions.
Professor Tabatoni used his experiences in the US to synthesise a new kind of Management Science, taking its cues from both the economics-based viewpoint of the French system, and the social organization approach of the US and UK. His subsequent work – particularly the Business Strategies Special Issue of Economics and Societies (Vol. 11, No. 3, March 1968) and the book he co-authored with P. Jarniou, Systems Management: Policies and Structures (1975) – contain the seeds of what would become Strategic Analysis.
However, Professor Tabatoni did not just influence Management Science as a discipline, but played major roles in the reform of the teaching of this and other disciplines in France. Alongside Gaston Berger, he founded IAE of the Aix-Marseille University (1955-61), reflecting the principles he had uncovered while in the US.
It was this approach Professor Tabatoni brought when he was part of the governmental committee involved in university reform in France. This led to founding of FNEGE (1968), the French board tasked with bringing the standard of management education in France up to that of other major industrialised nations, in which Professor Tabatoni would serve as its first General Secretary. Another outcome of the committee was the founding of the Paris IX-Dauphine University in 1969.
Professor Tabatoni would also go on to found a number of other institutions across the world. These include Senghor University in Alexandria (Egypt) and the European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EIASM) in Brussels with his Belgian friend Gaston Deurinck. Professor Tabatoni was also heavily involved in the European Centre for Strategic Management of Universities (EMAT) in conjunction with European Community, the OECD and the Conference of European Rectors (CRE).
In 1995, Professor Tabatoni was elected to the Académie des sciences morales et politiques of the Institut de France. He continued to publish until his death in 11th April 2006, at the age of 83.
Ian Tanner was a lecturer at Manchester University Business School during his time serving on the council.
Professor Barbara Townley is currently Chair of Management at the University of St Andrews and Director of the Institute for Capitalising on Creativity, the Scottish consortium for the study of the creative industries. A former associate editor of Human Relations (2001-6), her research interests lie in the cultural and creative industries, particularly the intersection of institutional logics. Amongst numerous research papers, she is the author or co-editor of a number of books, most recently Managing Creativity? Exploring the Paradox (edited with Nic Beech), in 2010. Professor Townley is currently director of the St Andrews MLitt Programme, Managing in the Creative Industries. She has previously taught at the universities of Lancaster, Warwick and Edinburgh and spent ten years at the University of Alberta, Canada. Professor Townley has also served on the ESRC Research Grants Board (2004-08).
Sir Bruce Rodda Williams was a figurehead in higher education both in his native Australia and abroad, as Vice Chancellor of the University of Sydney during the turbulent sixties and seventies, and through his involvement in the development of Keele University. Sir Williams also served on a number of UK and Australian governmental committees, and he was the author of 13 books on industry, investment and education.
After graduating Melbourne University with an economics degree with honours in 1939, he was rejected on medical grounds from military service. Following lectureships at Adelaide University, he took up teaching positions at Queen’s College, Belfast, and Keele University, where he became one of the fledgling institution’s first Professors of Economics.
He would then take up a professorship at the University of Manchester in 1959. He supplemented his time in Manchester as consultant to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, and began his seven year period as editor at Sociological Review. He would later return to England as a visiting professor at Imperial College.
Sir Williams returned to Australia in 1967 to take up the post of Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sydney, in a tenure that coincided with the rise of student protests in the wake of the Vietnam war. He also weathered a dispute in the Department of Economics over the coverage of political economy. In 1972, he also took up a position as chair of the Australian Vice-Chancellors’ Committee. His interest in the affairs of the university and education in general continued long after his tenure ended in 1981, and Sir Williams would later serve as a fellow of the University Senate from 1994-7, also chairing the Senate’s Finance Committee.
Sir Williams also served in a number of Government posts in the UK and Australia, including economic advisor to the Ministry of Technology and a member of the Prices and Incomes Board in the UK. During his time at the University of Sydney he served as board member of the Reserve Bank of Australia (1969-81), and chaired several national enquiries. He was chair of the Review of the Discipline of Engineering (1987-8). These included the Committee of Inquiry into Education and Training (1976), and while his 1979 report did receive some criticism, his recommendations of diversity on secondary education, and emphasis on literacy and numeracy, were followed up.
Sir Williams also had an interest in the arts, and served as chair of the Sydney International Piano Competition Australia from 1988 to 2003. He was a founder of the Cladan Cultural Exchange Institute of Australia, serving as chair from 1976 to 1982. He also served as chairman of the Cancer Council Australia.
Sir Williams was knighted (KBE) in 1980 for services to education and government. He passed away in August 2010 at the age of 91.
Richard Whittington is a leading figure in the Strategy-as-Practice area of management research, and published the first paper in the field in 1996. Professor Whittington is a former winner of the Management Consulting Association’s 1993 book prize, for What is Strategy – and Does it Matter?; meanwhile, one of his many co-authored books, Exploring Strategy: Text & Cases, is currently in its tenth edition (2013), and has sold over one million copies. Professor Whittington’s current research interests include the Evolution of Strategy, Strategy Communications and Strategy as Multi-Modal Practice. He is Millman Fellow in Management at New College, and Professor of Strategic Management at the University of Oxford. He has previously held positions at Imperial College, London, and Warwick Business School, as well as visiting posts at Harvard Business School, Groupe HEC, Paris, and the University of Toulouse. Professor Whittington is Chair-elect of the Strategy as Practice interest group at the Academy of Management, and currently sits on the Board of the Strategic Management Society.